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Macular Screening

Black & Lizars macular screening was set up in 2008 to screen for the increased possibility of getting age-related macular degeneration (AMD).

What is Macular Degeneration?

Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of blindness in the western world, with approximately 35% of people over the age of 75 suffering from it, to some extent.

AMD affects the macula - the central part of the retina (the sensitive nerve layer at the back of the eye).  It results in a loss of central vision.  In effect, someone with AMD can see everything except what they are looking at.

What causes AMD?

It is a disease with both genetic and environmental components.  The three most important and established risk factors in the development of AMD are:-

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• Increasing age
• Smoking
• A family history of the disease

Other factors that can play a role in AMD are:-

• Obesity
• Female gender
• Ethnicity - AMD is more common in Caucasians
• Light iris colour
• Low macular protective pigment levels (MPP)
• High cholesterol
• Hypertension (high blood pressure) and cardiovascular disease
• Poor diet
• Damage by free radicals within the eye, which develop in response to light entering the eye and oxidative stress
• Low levels of antioxidants

What can I do to reduce my chances of developing AMD?

Some of the above risk factors are modifiable.  For example, a person can stop smoking, improve their diet and even increase their macular protective pigment level.

Macular Screening

Book your macular screening appointment at any of the following practices:

There is an initial charge of £35 for your comprehensive first appointment with follow-up examinations costing £21.